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Drought Management

  • Overview

    Drought management overview

    Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (DA&FW) is mandated to coordinate relief measures necessitated by drought, hailstorm, pest attack and cold wave/frost. Spatial distribution and quantum of rainfall during South-West Monsoon (June-September) mainly determines the incidence of drought in the country, as South-West Monsoon accounts for more than 70% of annual rainfall. DA&FW monitors progress of South-West Monsoon in the country, in close coordination with India Meteorological Department (IMD) and keeps a watch over deficient/scarcity rainfall conditions.

    The Department also reviews and updates the Crisis Management Plan (CMP) for drought every year. The Plan defines roles and responsibilities of various agencies involved in crisis management during drought.

    The State Governments initiate necessary relief measures in the wake of natural calamities from State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), which is readily available with them. Contribution to SDRF is made by Central and State Governments in the ratio of 3:1 for 18 general category States (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh & West Bengal) and in the ratio of 9:1 for 10 special category States (8 North Eastern States, namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura & Sikkim; and 2 Hilly States, namely, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand). Government of India provides additional financial assistance from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF), over and above SDRF, for natural calamities of severe nature as per established procedure and extant norms. Allocation under SDRF is made on the basis of recommendations of the Finance Commission.

    Financial Assistance approved to the States from NDRF for natural calamities, (drought, hailstorm, pest attack & cold wave/frost) during the period from 2010-11 to 2020-21, including drought, is at Annexure.

  • Programmes & Schemes

    Drought Managment Plan, November 2017
    Guidelines for Inter-Ministerial Central Team for Drought, September 2017
    Drought manual
    Crisis Management Plan-2021 for Drought (CMP-2021)
    Guidelines for Inter-Ministerial Central Team for Drought, September 2018
    Rabi Drought Declaration Guidelines
    Ammendment in Drought Manual
    National Agriculture Disaster Management Plan(NADMP) NOVEMBER 2020
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