Bamboo, a fast growing, versatile woody grass is found across the country. It is an economic resource having immense potential for improving the quality of life of rural and urban communities with environment regeneration qualities like carbon sequestering. Bamboo provides raw material for large industries like paper and pulp as well as for cottage and handicrafts industry. Some bamboo species can grow one metre in a day. Bamboo shoots are used in the preparation of vegetables and various other dishes and many other horticultural uses. It is grown like any other horticultural crop by tilling the land and is harvested annually, when grown commercially. Bamboo roots, leaves, sap and ash are being used since ancient times as a remedy for minor and major ailments, particularly in Ayurvedic health care.
The world market for bamboo is valued at US $ 10 billion of which China’s share alone is to the tune of 50%. Market for bamboo expected to reach about US $ 20 billion by 2015. The size of the domestic bamboo industry is estimated to be about Rs.6505 crores, which may grow to Rs.26,000.00 crores by 2015..
The domestic bamboo sector
is faced with many constraints, such as:
o Lack of scientific methods for propagation and cultivation.
o Lack of post harvest treatment and technology for product development.
o Inadequate trained manpower.
o Inadequate infrastructure for large scale harvesting in the event of gregarious flowering.
Keeping in view the potential of Bamboo, its present poor market linkage and sub optimal level technology application for manufacture of value added products in the industrial and cottage sector, the National Mission on Bamboo Technology & Trade development has been mooted by Planning Commission to accord Bamboo development a strategic role in rural economy, Poverty alleviation and bamboo based handicrafts & industrial development. The task for coordinating the National Mission on Bamboo Technology and Trade has been entrusted by the Prime Minister to the Ministry of Agriculture. The Mission document envisages coverage of 2 million ha under bamboo during the X Plan involving an investment of Rs. 2608 crores. The Mission document also envisages the integration different Ministries/ Departments for the holistic development of the sector. The Report, further, envisions an integrated programme expansion of plantations of bamboo species, its scientific management with the involvement of JFM committees, local initiatives and entrepreneurship for presenting this raw material for the Industries and assisting the Industry to access and apply modern technology for producing globally competitive new generation bamboo products. The other features of the Mission include Technology Development and Transfer for Planting, Technology intervention on process and products including standards and codes, Handicraft development including training, Trade and Market Development for bamboo products, and Technology development for building material.
The estimated fund requirement for the 10th Plan is Rs.2608.00 crores covering Rs.2000.00 crores for raising new bamboo plantations in 2 million ha, Rs. 208.00 crores for technology development, Rs.275.00 crores for handicrafts development, Rs.125.00 crores for trade and market development. Part of the cost of the project is required to be met from the Plan allocation for various Ministries by way of dovetailing the on going plan programme with the proposed ones. However, some components would require new provisions partly/ wholly for which resource allocation will be required. These may include R&D, planting program, technology development for processing, design development and promotional assistance for trade and market development.
The economic and social benefits from these activities have been worked out as 8.6 million job creation in the Tenth Plan, building up of 2 million ha bamboo resource and market opportunities worth Rs. 6500 crore with an investment of Rs. 2600 crore, enabling 5 million families of artisans and farmers crossing the poverty line.
The task for preparing the DPR
has been entrusted to the Cane & Bamboo Technology Centre, Guwahati, which
is expected to be finalised soon.
Last Updated On - 01 April, 2005